The sessions that Medieval Days produce are totally incorporated right into the UK nationwide educational program, and contain useful historic education for Trick Stages 1-5. They have a significant collection of historic artifacts to highlight their discussions. Kids could touch and also hold these things, as opposed to simply view them from behind glass like in a museum.
In the early days, when education system was just a push towards providing basic and standard knowledge to the people, there were not many schools established in the UK. The education was all provided by the religious institutes and the churches in UK. However, the school Roman workshop started resisting the government regarding the introduction of education system.
There were several attempts made by the government in the early 19th century to provide education to the people. The time was right to set something for the people and educational reformation was needed.
Establishment of National Schools
In the early days of the 19th century, in 1811 the National Society was established and the main aim of the society was to promote the education for the poor people. The schools that were established by the national society were named as the National schools, though they were a part of the state system administration.
The law of compulsory apprenticeship was abolished by the government in 1814. By the end of the year 1831, there were approximately 25% of the total populations who were attending the Sunday schools. These schools among the first ones that were running by the state funding and they are the main reasons for the modern day system that is known as the English school system.
Different initiatives during the century to increase the educational levels
- The school for reading, writing and arithmetic was started by John Pounds in 1818. The school was free of charge without any fees.
- The first infant school was established in Spitalfields during the year 1820. The founder of the school was Samuel Wilderspin.
- In 1833, the state started involvement in the education system and the parliament decided that they would allot some amount for the construction of new schools in the UK.
- The Lancashire Public school association was established in 1837 and the association proposed that some of the schools should be funded from the taxes that are collected by the state.
- A bill was proposed in 1837 by the Whig, it was a proposal for the public education in UK.
- The grammar schools decided that they will now start teaching the science and literature along with grammar.
Foster Elementary Education Act 1870
The foster education act was introduced to provide the primary education to the areas where the previsions of education were inadequate at that time. The schools were partially state funded and the main aim was to provide the elementary education. There was a separate board elected to monitor the schools, thus making it the main part for the teaching history in the UK. The schools started charging the fees but the poor people were given separate exemptions for the education.
The rule was passed that there was compulsory attendance required for the children that fall under the age between 5 to 10. The schools were empowered by the board to make it compulsory education till the age of 13.
However, in some cases the students were exempted after the age of 10 if they have reached the standard level of education that is set by the board.
The education system changes started to happen early during the 18th century in the United Kingdom. The main reason for the revolution was in a way associated to the industrial revolution that happened in UK during the period. There were several restrictions that were laid on the entrepreneurs during the period and the main restrictions were on the apprenticeship. The industrialist began to resist the restrictions and there were several laws as per the Statute of Apprentices. The laws were applicable for the industries which were in trade after the year 1563; this made it difficult for the industries that were developed during the 18th century due to the industrial revolution.
Introduction of Charity Schools
As there was a need of education for the people there were several organizations who made their efforts to transform the education system by giving free education. In the 18th century, there were many charity schools founded and established for the poor students that were falling into the age group of 7 to 11. The schools were founded by the group known as society for promoting Christian knowledge.
The steps taken by the society was just a beginning for the education system but the concept is still followed today. The concept of primary education and the secondary education of modern education system is the same concept whose roots are well known in the teaching history in the UK laid back in 18th century.
Sunday School Movement
The education system for the poor boys of slums was introduced by Robert Raikes. The program was named as the Sunday school movement in which the boys who belong to the poor families from the slum areas were given education. Raikes took this movement as an initiative to stop the crime as educating people would make them think what they are doing before they actually perform the crime.
As the boys belong to the poor background, they are busy working in factories throughout week and the Sunday is the only day when they can spare the time to complete the necessary education. The movement was not so easy so Raikins tried to get the best available teachers for the program. The initial course was the Bible, initially the students were taught to read the bible and then they were asked to move on to the catechism.
Curriculum of the schools during the 18th century
As there were no separate laws of teaching instructions established, the schools used to decide their own teaching activities. The main focus was given towards the grammar part. The students were taught and proper instructions were provided for the education of grammar. The languages that were focused during the phase are Latin and Greek.
In the Raikins movement they were following a different schedule. The students used to come to the school at 10 in the morning; they used to go to their homes at 12. The students need to return back at 1 PM and then the lesson that was taught was to be conducted to the church.
The history of education in United Kingdom are directly linked to the days when the Anglo Saxons settlement took place there and they have tried to create new opportunities over the years to increase the level of education that they provide. There were several initiatives that were taken to make the education system more reliable and to encourage people to move towards the educational path. They wanted to ensure that they can provide the necessary levels of education that are required for the development of the UK.
The educational changes took place over the years and the teaching system started improving with time to provide the best of the efforts to increase the educational levels.
Establishment of Schools
While the evolution took place where the teaching system was to be introduced among the people, there were specific paths and steps that were taken to introduce the teaching system.
The teaching started with grammar. In the middle ages, the teaching system started with the establishments of several schools that used to teach Latin Grammar. This encouraged people to move towards the educational part and to improve their grammatical skills.
In 1944 the government had created an educational act, namely the 1942 Education Act. The act was introduced to increase the number of schools in the country. During the act, there were several schools established to create an educational reformation. The schools that were established during the act also focused on the tripartite system for the grammar schools along with the secondary schools for modern education. The age to leave the schools was increased to the age level of 16 during the year 1972. The steps were taken to change the teaching history in the UK and to provide better education.
Compulsory Educational System
In the early days of 19th century, there was a need to improve the educational level of the entire UK. They introduced the educational system where in they would provide free education to all the people but the education was made compulsory. For the poor families they introduced the free education system so that they do not send their children to earn money and they concentrate towards the child’s education.
You were compulsorily required to take the necessary education. There were several officers who used to visit the houses of the children who are not attending the schools and they were allowed to check the certification whether they have reached the educational standards.
Before the introduction of free education, the churches were given the responsibilities to provide all kinds of education to the people.
Formation of Universities
As the system was improving, they introduced new two Universities and both of them are renowned in the world till date. The universities that were established were the “University of Oxford” and the “University of Cambridge”.
University college of London along with the King’s college London where established with the aim to provide the education to the people. Both of these institutes are now well known to be the part of University of London.
The Durham University was also a part of the establishments in the early days of 19th century.
The United Kingdom was always ahead of many other countries in the field of education as education was in existence from the10th century in the UK. If we want to trace the history of education or teaching history in the UK, then we have to start with the independent schools which were started by the charitable foundations. Church was very important as it used to educate people and teach them to read and write through religious studies. Afterwards, there were many changes in the types of schools as thestate became aware of its responsibility to educate the citizens. The journey of the schools in the UK can be traced from charity schools to primary and secondary schools and public schools to Elementary schools. There were many changes which occurred in the education systemdue to many factors. For example, due to the Industrial revolution, the apprentice system was almost abolished as many industries were considered to be out of the scope of the Apprentice Act.
Changes in the education system of the United Kingdom
- Charity schools were opened by the foundations for the kids between the ages of 7 to 10 years. These schools were opened so that the children from lower classes could also get aneducation.
- Sunday schools were opened for those kids who were working for living in the week. So to ensure that they not deprived of educations, these schools used to work only on Sundays.
- 1830 was the year when the Government of the United Kingdom started working towards education. It allotted funds to the schools so that students from lower class could also get aneducation.
- Public schools which were the schools for the people of affluent class with different religious belief were also in operation.
- Grammar schools which were dedicated to only classical studies also started teaching science and literature. This was the time period where the education started separating from the religion. Secular methods and principles were entering the education system.
- Till then only the noblemen and professionals like physicians, lawyers and men from the merchant class were allowed to get aneducation in schools, but the ElementarySchoolsAct made the education compulsory for every child.
- Even women were allowed to attend the schools instead of learning at home.
- Teacher’s training colleges were also opened so that properly trained teacher could impart the education to their students.
We can see that the education system in the UK has evolved a lot over the years. From only imparting education to upper-class men to compulsory education to all is really a very commendable journey. Although the education in the UK is now based on scientific methods and on secular beliefs, the fact cannot be denied that the system of education was introduced and managed by the church for centuries together. Religious studies were used as a medium to teach reading and writing to the uneducated peasants in the UK when proper schools were not opened in the counties and small villages. The education system in the UK has a strong base due to these schools which operated centuries ago.
United Kingdom was always one of the countries where education was in existence in some form or the other. The history has records that there were schools in the United Kingdom as early as 7th century. If we want to take a look at the Teaching History in the UK, then we will have to go back a very long time. As the schools were in existence from centuries, there was some kind of transfer of education was prevailing. Generally, these schools were independent schools which were managed and governed by various charitable foundations or religious institutions like church. So the education which was being given was mostly about the religion. It was considered that once the students are able to read and write their signature, they were educated. Up to a long time, theonly male population in the United Kingdom and that too from the class of nobility, merchants and professionals were permitted to get an education. Women were not allowed to get aneducation and certainly not from a school.
However changes started happening after the industrial revolution and there were many types of schools which were founded in the UK. Following are the different types of schools which were administering education in the UK.
Different types of schools in the United Kingdom
- Charity schools
These schools were founded and managed by various charitable foundations and mostly religious education was given to the students. These schools can be considered as the foundation of the primary and secondary schools as they used to teach the students who were between 7 to 11 years of age.
- Grammar schools
These schools were famous for the classical studies for the students and they also taught religious studies.
- Sunday schools
These schools were opened because many students were not able to attend the Grammar schools as they had to work with their parents to earn a living. So for these lower class children, Sunday schools were the place where they could learn to read and write.
- Elementary schools
Before 1830, all the schools were managed by private foundations and thestate had no contribution towards education. Once the Elementary Education Act was passed, all the kids between the ages of 5 to 10 years were meant to be sent to these elementary schools. The concept of compulsory education was introduced in these schools.
Before the education was opened to all classes, it was only limited to certain classes. Only the professional studies such as Law, Medicine and Religion were taught so that there will be lawyers, doctors and priests in the society. Women were being educated at home by governesses but they were notallowed to go to school. All this changed in the 18th century and students from all classes started getting education and women were also going to the schools to learn various subjects through scientific methods. Subjects such as science and literature were also included in the curriculum of the schools along with the religious studies. The education system in the United Kingdom has come a long way from religious schools to the modern schools.