United Kingdom was always one of the countries where education was in existence in some form or the other. The history has records that there were schools in the United Kingdom as early as 7th century. If we want to take a look at the Teaching History in the UK, then we will have to go back a very long time. As the schools were in existence from centuries, there was some kind of transfer of education was prevailing. Generally, these schools were independent schools which were managed and governed by various charitable foundations or religious institutions like church. So the education which was being given was mostly about the religion. It was considered that once the students are able to read and write their signature, they were educated. Up to a long time, theonly male population in the United Kingdom and that too from the class of nobility, merchants and professionals were permitted to get an education. Women were not allowed to get aneducation and certainly not from a school.
However changes started happening after the industrial revolution and there were many types of schools which were founded in the UK. Following are the different types of schools which were administering education in the UK.
Different types of schools in the United Kingdom
- Charity schools
These schools were founded and managed by various charitable foundations and mostly religious education was given to the students. These schools can be considered as the foundation of the primary and secondary schools as they used to teach the students who were between 7 to 11 years of age.
- Grammar schools
These schools were famous for the classical studies for the students and they also taught religious studies.
- Sunday schools
These schools were opened because many students were not able to attend the Grammar schools as they had to work with their parents to earn a living. So for these lower class children, Sunday schools were the place where they could learn to read and write.
- Elementary schools
Before 1830, all the schools were managed by private foundations and thestate had no contribution towards education. Once the Elementary Education Act was passed, all the kids between the ages of 5 to 10 years were meant to be sent to these elementary schools. The concept of compulsory education was introduced in these schools.
Before the education was opened to all classes, it was only limited to certain classes. Only the professional studies such as Law, Medicine and Religion were taught so that there will be lawyers, doctors and priests in the society. Women were being educated at home by governesses but they were notallowed to go to school. All this changed in the 18th century and students from all classes started getting education and women were also going to the schools to learn various subjects through scientific methods. Subjects such as science and literature were also included in the curriculum of the schools along with the religious studies. The education system in the United Kingdom has come a long way from religious schools to the modern schools.