In the early days, when education system was just a push towards providing basic and standard knowledge to the people, there were not many schools established in the UK. The education was all provided by the religious institutes and the churches in UK. However, the school Roman workshop started resisting the government regarding the introduction of education system.
There were several attempts made by the government in the early 19th century to provide education to the people. The time was right to set something for the people and educational reformation was needed.
Establishment of National Schools
In the early days of the 19th century, in 1811 the National Society was established and the main aim of the society was to promote the education for the poor people. The schools that were established by the national society were named as the National schools, though they were a part of the state system administration.
The law of compulsory apprenticeship was abolished by the government in 1814. By the end of the year 1831, there were approximately 25% of the total populations who were attending the Sunday schools. These schools among the first ones that were running by the state funding and they are the main reasons for the modern day system that is known as the English school system.
Different initiatives during the century to increase the educational levels
- The school for reading, writing and arithmetic was started by John Pounds in 1818. The school was free of charge without any fees.
- The first infant school was established in Spitalfields during the year 1820. The founder of the school was Samuel Wilderspin.
- In 1833, the state started involvement in the education system and the parliament decided that they would allot some amount for the construction of new schools in the UK.
- The Lancashire Public school association was established in 1837 and the association proposed that some of the schools should be funded from the taxes that are collected by the state.
- A bill was proposed in 1837 by the Whig, it was a proposal for the public education in UK.
- The grammar schools decided that they will now start teaching the science and literature along with grammar.
Foster Elementary Education Act 1870
The foster education act was introduced to provide the primary education to the areas where the previsions of education were inadequate at that time. The schools were partially state funded and the main aim was to provide the elementary education. There was a separate board elected to monitor the schools, thus making it the main part for the teaching history in the UK. The schools started charging the fees but the poor people were given separate exemptions for the education.
The rule was passed that there was compulsory attendance required for the children that fall under the age between 5 to 10. The schools were empowered by the board to make it compulsory education till the age of 13.
However, in some cases the students were exempted after the age of 10 if they have reached the standard level of education that is set by the board.